Mark Levy Collection

Table of Contents

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Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Content Note

Arrangement

Restrictions

Controlled Access Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Series Descriptions and Container List

Correspondence 1964-2010, undated

General Correspondence 1964-2010

Unsolicited Correspondence 1964, undated

Freedom of Information Act: FBI File

Mississippi Freedom Summer Project 1963-2000, undated

Freedom Summer Documents 1963-1965, undated

Freedom School 1964, undated

Freedom Summer Anniversaries 1987-2000, undated

Binders: Training and Preparation Materials 1964

James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner circa 1960-1989, undated

Additional Civil Rights Organizations and Events 1962-2006, undated

Queens College 1961-2008, undated

Printed Material 1964-2011, undated

Photographs 1964-1994

Artifacts 1960’s-1995, undated

Buttons undated

Other artifacts 1962-1995, undated

Audiovisual Materials 1961-2009, undated

Duplicates and Restrict Materials undated

Mark Levy Collection


Finding aid prepared by Kelli Piotrowski, Matthew Michaels, Heather Ball, Kevin Schlottmann, Emily Lazio. Machine-readalble format prepared by Thomas Cleary

Some items from this collection have been digitized and are available through the Civil Rights Movement Archives

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Queens College (New York, N.Y.) Department of Special Collections and Archives
Creator: Levy, Mark
Title: Mark Levy Collection
Dates: 1959-2008
Extent: 21.0 Linear feet 31 boxes
Abstract Mark Levy volunteered for the Mississippi Freedom Summer project of 1964 as co-coordinator and teacher at the Meridian Freedom School in Lauderdale County. A graduate of Queens College, (B.A. in Sociology 1964, M.S. in Social Studies Education 1973), he was also a former Student Association President (1962-1963), and former SEEK Program faculty member (1968-1973). In the 1970s he was a union organizer and representative for United Electrical Radio, and Machine Workers of American (UE), Local 1199/NY (United Drug, Hospital and Healthcare Workers Union), and later at the Committee of Interns and Residents (CIR/SEIU) from 1981 to 2008. The collection contains correspondence, clippings, photographs, printed materials and miscellanea documenting the Mississippi Summer Project, the Meridian Freedom School, and Queens College student activism in the 1960s.
Identification: CR.2009.004
Language: English

Biographical Note

Mark Levy was born on May 30, 1939 in New York City to Harold and Leona Levy. He studied at Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio from 1957 to 1959 and then transferred to Queens College, where he received a B.A. in Sociology (1964) and an M.S. in Social Studies Education (1973). While at Queens College, he served as Student Association President from 1962 to 1963. In 1964, he and his wife, Betty Bollinger Levy, also a graduate of Queens College (B.S. in Psychology, 1963) volunteered for the Mississippi Summer Project. The ‘Mississippi Freedom Summer’ was organized by the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO), a coalition of civil rights organizations comprised of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), and the state chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Mark and Betty served as co-coordinators and teachers at the Meridian Freedom School in Lauderdale County, a district overseen by CORE. After that summer, Levy returned to New York City to teach social studies at a junior high school in Harlem, where he continued to work until 1968. In the summer of 1965 he traveled back to Mississippi to participate in a school desegregation project in Jackson. From 1968 to 1973 he was on the faculty at Queens College in the SEEK (Search for Education, Elevation, and Knowledge) Program, a state-funded program facilitating the enrolment of economically disadvantaged students. He also taught high school students in the Upward Bound Program and led seminars and supervised field internships in the Action Program. In 1973, he embarked on a second career as a union organizer and representative at United Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers of America (UE). He then went on to work for Local 1199/NY (United Drug, Hospital and Healthcare Workers Union), and the Committee of Interns and Residents (CIR/SEIU) retiring as Executive Director in 2008.

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Scope and Content Note

The Mark Levy Collection documents the volunteer experiences of Mark Levy and his wife Betty Bollinger Levy in the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project. Most items date from June to August 1964, including correspondence, photographs, curriculum, lesson plans, student essays and newsletters, printed materials, clippings, and ephemera. There are binders of preparatory training materials and memorandums for accepted applicants. Photographs document orientation at Western College for Women in Oxford, Ohio, the Freedom School Convention, the Meridian Freedom School, and demonstrations at the 1964 Democratic National Convention in support of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. The collection also documents Freedom Summer anniversaries and reunions, commemorations to James Earl Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner, and student activism at Queens College, City University of New York, in the 1960s. The collection provides written, printed, and photographic evidence of the Freedom Summer project and the struggle to achieve racial equality in Mississippi in the 1960s.

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Arrangement

Series I: Correspondence
Subseries A. General Correspondence
Subseries B. Hate Mail
Subseries C. Letters of Support
Subseries D. Freedom of Information Act: FBI File
Series II: Mississippi Freedom Summer Project
Subseries A. Freedom Summer Documents
Subseries B. Freedom School
Subseries C. Freedom Summer Anniversaries
Subseries D. Binders: Training and Preparation Materials
Series III: James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner
Series IV: Additional Civil Rights Organizations and Events
Series V: Queens College
Series VI: Printed Materials
Series VII: Photographs
Series VIII: Artifacts
Subseries A. Buttons
Subseries B. Other Artifacts
Series IX: Audiovisual Materials
Series X: Duplicates and Restricted Materials

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Restrictions

Access

Collection is open for research. Staff may restrict access at its discretion on the basis of physical condition.

Copyright

The Mark Levy Collection is physically owned by the Queens College Libraries. Literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assignees. The collection is subject to all copyright laws. Queens College assumes no responsibility for the infringement of copyrights held by the original authors, creators, or producers of materials

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Controlled Access Terms

African Americans -- Mississippi – Social conditions
African Americans--Civil rights
Civil Rights
Civil rights movement--United States--History--20th century
Congress of Racial Equality
Council of Federated Organizations (U.S.)
Levy, Mark
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Washington, D.C., 1963
Meridian (Miss.)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Race Relations – Southern States
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Student movements—United States—1960-1970

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Related Material

George Albertz Papers (Queens College)

Robert Masters Collection (Queens College)

Barbara (Jones) Omolade Collection (Queens College)

Michael Wenger Collection (Queens College)

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation Note

Item, date (if known), box, folder, Mark Levy Collection, Department of Special Collections and Archives, Queens College, City University of New York.

Source

Donated by Mark Levy in 2009.

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Series Descriptions and Container List

Series I Correspondence ( 1964-2010, undated )
This series consists primarily of personal letters written and received by Mark and/or Betty Bollinger Levy during the summer of 1964. Unsolicited correspondence contains letters supporting and opposing the Freedom Summer project. Correspondence on Mark Levy’s FBI file is also present.
Subseries A General Correspondence ( 1964-2010 )
General Correspondence: A-K Box-folder 1-1
General Correspondence: L Box-folder 1-2
General Correspondence: M-W Box-folder 1-3
General Correspondence: Unidentified Box 1-4
Subseries B Unsolicited Correspondence ( 1964, undated )
Hate Mail Box-folder 1-5
Letters of Support ( 1964 ) Box-folder 1-6
Subseries C Freedom of Information Act: FBI File
Correspondence Request for FBI File Box-folder 1-7
FBI File: Mark Levy Box-folder 1-8
Series II Mississippi Freedom Summer Project ( 1963-2000, undated )
This series contains materials pertaining the Mississippi Freedom Summer Project (Freedom Summer) organized by the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) in 1964. Included in Subseries A are memoranda, reports, fliers, and legal summaries produced and/or distributed by the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) and notes compiled by Mark and Betty Bollinger Levy. Subseries B contains educational materials from COFO, lesson plans, and student essays and newsletters. Subseries C contains printed material pertaining to the twenty-fifth, thirtieth and fortieth anniversary commemorations and reunions. Subseries D consists of binders of printed materials, correspondence, instructions, material lists, memorandums, and pamphlets for teachers in Mississippi Freedom Schools.
Subseries A Freedom Summer Documents ( 1963-1965, undated )
Administrative Structure for Jackson Office Box-folder 2-1
Affidavits Box-folder 2-2
Books and Films Needed for Mississippi Libraries Box-folder 2-3
COFO Business Card, Meridian, Mississippi Box-folder 2-4
COFO Freedom Meeting [flier] Box-folder 2-5
COFO: Mississippi Freedom Summer [leaflet] Box-folder 2-6
COFO Program Box-folder 2-7
COFO Publication #1: The General Condition of the Mississippi Negro Box-folder 2-8
COFO Publication #6: What is COFO? Box-folder 2-9
COFO Reports Box-folder 2-10
Correspondence: COFO Box-folder 2-11
Development of the Mississippi Project Box-folder 2-12
Handbook for Precinct Organization Box-folder 2-13
Legal Newsletter Box-folder 2-14
Legal Summaries Box-folder 2-15
Materials needed by COFO Box-folder 2-16
Memos and Articles about Mississippi Box-folder 2-17
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party Box-folder 2-18
Pre-Summer Notes Box-folder 2-19
Notes on Organizing by Charles McLaurin Box-folder 2-20
Orientation [Oxford, OH] Box-folder 2-21
Petition on Prisident Lyndon B. Johnson Box-folder 2-22
Philadelphia, Mississippi Case: Chronology Box 2-23
Summary of 1964 Civil Rights Bill Box-folder 2-24
Voter Registration and Statistics Box-folder 2-25
White Folks Program Box-folder 2-26
Subseries B Freedom School ( 1964, undated )
Brief Chrology of American Negro Box-folder 3-1
Classroom Attendance Sheets Box-folder 3-2
Classroom Duty Assignments Box-folder 3-3
Classroom Summaries Box-folder 3-4
COFO Freedom School Registration Form Box-folder 3-5
Correspondence: COFO to Freedom School Teachers Box-folder 3-6
Correspondence: Staughton Lynd to Freedom School Coordinators Box-folder 3-7
Curriculum: Academic Box-folder 3-8
Curriculum: Citizenship Box-folder 3-9
Curriculum: Negro in Mississippi Box-folder 3-10
Curriculum: Negro in the North Box-folder 3-11
Curriculum: Negro History Box-folder 3-12
Curriculum: Power Structure Box-folder 3-13
Curriculum: Poor Whites, Poor Negroes Box-folder 3-14
Curriculum: Soul Things, Material Things Box-folder 3-15
Curriculum: The Movement I Box 3-16
Curriculum: The Movement II Box-folder 3-17
Curriculum Study: Nazi Germany Box-folder 3-18
Daily Lessons Box-folder 3-19
See Box 4, Folders 8-12 for corresponding student essays
Drama and Literature Box-folder 3-20
Freedom School Assignments (Teacher Placements) Box-folder 3-21
Freedom School Data (COFO) Box-folder 4-1
Freedom School Locations Box-folder 4-2
Freedom Star Box-folder 4-3
Meridian Freedom School: Statement Box-folder 4-4
Mississippi Freedom School Convention Program Box-folder 4-5
Notes on James Forman (Convention Speaker) Box-folder 4-6
Notes on Teaching in Mississippi: Introduction to the Summer, COFO, Jane Stembridge Box-folder 4-7
Student Essays (What freedom means to me) Box-folder 4-8
Student Essays (What I like/don't like about this class & the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party) Box-folder 4-9
Student Essays (Where are Negros more free?) Box-folder 4-10
Student Essays (What does the Negro want that the white man has? What don’t you want that the white man has? What do you have that you want to keep? What do you want that neither the white or Negro have?) Box-folder 4-11
Student Essays (Letters written from perspective of former slaves to slaveholders) Box-folder 4-12
Posters Box-folder 4-13
Subseries C Freedom Summer Anniversaries ( 1987-2000, undated )
25th Anniversary: Correspondence Box-folder 5-1
25th Anniversary: Educational Materials Box-folder 5-2,4
25th Anniversary: Events at Queens College Box-folder 5-5
25th Anniversary: Exhibitions at NYU, Schomburg Box-folder 5-6
25th Anniversary: Printed Material Box-folder 5-75-7
25th Anniversary: Bus Lists and Notes Box-folder 5-8
30th Anniversary: Correspondence Box-folder 5-9
30th Anniversary: Mississippi Homecoming Box-folder 5-10
30th Anniversary: Printed Material Box-folder 5-11
30th Anniversary: Miscellaneous Box-folder 5-12
40th Anniversary Box-folder 5-13
Levy Notes on Freedom School teachers Box-folder 5-14
25th Anniversary: Fliers,Pamphlets, and Articles Box-folder 5-15
Subseries D Binders: Training and Preparation Materials ( 1964 )
Binder I Box 30
Binder II Box 31
Series III James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner ( circa 1960-1989, undated )
Chaney Memorial Service Program Box-folder 6-1
Schwerner, Chaney, Goodman Memorial Service: Transcript of speech by Fannie Chaney Box-folder 6-2
Schwerner Case Box-folder 6-3
Black-Jewish People to People Project: Queens College Box-folder 6-4
Chaney-Goodman-Schwerner Award: Queens College Box-folder 6-5
Dedication of Library Tower: Queens College Box-folder 6-6
Chaney, Goodman, Schwerner Memorial Coalition Box-folder 6-7
Chaney, Goodman, Schwerner Memorial Coalition: Freedom Caravan Box-folder 6-8
Chaney, Goodman, Schwerner Project Box-folder 6-9
Printed Material Box-folder 6-10
After The Burning: Reflections on Neshoba County, 1964-1989 Box-folder 6-11
The Day School: Rededication of the Andrew Goodman Building Box-folder 6-12
Series IV Additional Civil Rights Organizations and Events ( 1962-2006, undated )
Commission on Religion and Race: The Challenge Box-folder 7-1
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) Box-folder 7-2
Detroit Federation of Teachers Box-folder 7-3
Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR) Box-folder 7-4
Free Southern Theater Box-folder 7-5
The Freedom Carrier (Greenwood, Mississippi) Box-folder 7-6
March on Washington Box-folder 7-7
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) Box-folder 7-8
Mississippi Student Union, Freedom Fighter Box-folder 7-9
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Box-folder 7-10
National Sharecroppers Fund Box-folder 7-11
New England Friends of SNCC Box-folder 7-12
Peace Concern (Montpelier, Vermont) Box-folder 7-13
Poor People’s Corporation Box-folder 7-14
President’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity Box-folder 7-15
Selma Literacy Project Box-folder 7-18
Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc. – The Southern Patriot Box-folder 7-19
Southern Regional Council Box-folder 7-20
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) Box-folder 7-21,22
Student Voice, Inc. (Atlanta, Georgia) Box-folder 7-23
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) Box-folder 7-24
Washington Human Rights Project Box-folder 7-25
The SCOPE of Freedom: The Leadership of Hosea Williams with Dr. King’s Summer ’65 Student Volunteers (SCLC) Box-folder 7-26
The 1960s Holmes County, Mississippi Civil Rights Movement (See also box 1, folder 3). Box-folder 7-27
Civil Rights, South Carolina Box-folder 7-28
Jewish Civil Rights Box-folder 7-29
Series V Queens College ( 1961-2008, undated )
Freedom Fast Box-folder 8-1
Notes Box-folder 8-2
SEEK student protests Box-folder 8-3
Student Help Project Box-folder 8-4
Student Reports on Labor Movement Box-folder 8-5
Teaching Career, Papers, Biography of Mark Levy Box-folder 8-6
Teaching Career, SEEK Program teaching materials Box-folder 8-7
Queens College and Mississippi Freedom Summer ‘64 Box-folder 8-8
Spring Welcoming Program Box-folder 9-1
Curriculum Study Committee: Documents Box-folder 9-2
Curriculum Study Committee: Survey Box-folder 9-3
Curriculum Study Committee: Printed Material Box-folder 9-4
Speaker Policy Issue Box-folder 9-5
Speaker Policy Issue: Printed Materials Box-folder 9-6
Speaker Policy: Student Response Box-folder 9-7
Series VI Printed Material ( 1964-2011, undated )
1963 ( 1963 ) Box-folder 10-1
May 1964 ( 1964 ) Box-folder 10-2
June 1-13, 1964 ( 1964/06/01-1964/06/13 ) Box-folder 10-3
June 14-25, 1964 ( 1964/06/14-1964/06/25 ) Box-folder 10-4
June 26-30, 1964 ( 1964/06/26-1964/06/30 ) Box-folder 10-5
July 1-10, 1964 ( 1964/07/1-1964/07/10 ) Box-folder 10-6
July 11-16, 1964 ( 1964/07/11-1964/07/16 ) Box-folder 10-7
July 17-22, 1964 ( 1964/07/17-1964/07/22 ) Box-folder 11-1
July 23-31, 1964 ( 1964/07/23-1964/07/31 ) Box-folder 11-2
August 1-7, 1964 ( 1964/08/1-1964/08/7 ) Box-folder 11-3
August 8-17, 1964 ( 1964/08/8-1964/08/17 ) Box-folder 11-4
Additional 1964 ( 1964 ) Box-folder 11-5
Additional 1964 ( 1964 ) Box-folder 11-6
Magazines 1964 Box-folder 11-7
1989-2005 ( 1989-2005 ) Box-folder 12-1
2006-2013 ( 2006-2013 ) Box-folder 12-2
Reprints Box-folder 12-3
Reprints Box-folder 12-4
Printed material (Large format) Box-folder 13
Series VII Photographs ( 1964-1994 )
Meridian, MS ( 1964 ) Box-folder 14-1
Atlantic City, NJ, Meridian, MS, Neshoba County, MS; includes James Forman, Staughton Lynd, Robert Parris Moses ( 1964 ) Box-folder 14-2
Meridian, MS; includes Staughton Lynd ( 1964 ) Box-folder 14-3
Meridian, MS, Oxford, Ohio ( 1964 ) Box-folder 14-4
Meridian, MS; includes Free Southern Theatre, Pete Seeger ( 1964 ) Box-folder 14-5
Meridian, MS; Neshoba County, MS; Oxford, Ohio; includes John Doar, Barney Frank ( 1964 ) Box-folder 14-6
Meridian Freedom School (Photographer: Donna Garde) ( 1964 ) Box-folder 14-7
Meridian, MS, (Photographer: Unknown) ( 1964 ) Box-folder 14-8
Contact sheets [Includes Stokely Carmichael] ( 1964 ) Box-folder 14-9,10,11,12
Color transparencies Box-folder 14-13
Neshoba County, MS; 25th Freedom Summer anniversary reunion; includes Reverend R. Edwin King Jr. ( 1989 ) Box-folder 14-14
Fifth Annual Voter Awareness Conference ( 1994 ) Box-folder 14-15
Meridian, MS; includes Betty Bollinger Levy and Bob Moses ( 1964 ) Box-folder 14-16
Reunion at Mark Levy’s House Box-folder 14-17
Reprints from the Ted Polumbaum Collection Box-folder 14-18
Negatives: Freedom Summer ( 1964 ) Box-folder 15,1-18
Negatives: Freedom Summer Anniversary, includes James Forman and Rosa Parks at the Queens College 25th Anniversary Freedom Summer event Box-folder 15,19-24
Negatives: Reunion at Mark Levy’s House Box-folder 15-25
Series VIII Artifacts ( 1960’s-1995, undated )
Subseries A Buttons ( undated ) Box 16
Civil Rights Activism Box 16
Labor Activism (healthcare) Box 17,18
Labor activism (general) Box 19
Labor activism (general), national, local, and union elections Box 20
Activism general Box 21
Subseries B Other artifacts ( 1962-1995, undated )
Yashica camera Box-folder 22
Mark Levy Student ID; blank notebook paper; box for photo film Box-folder 23
T-shirts; Sash Box-folder 24
Posters Box-folder 32
Series IX Audiovisual Materials ( 1961-2009, undated )
Gazette Vol. 2: Topical Songs by Pete Seeger. [LP] Box 25
We Shall Overcome. Montgomery Gospel Trio, Nashville Quartet. [LP] Box 25
SNCC Freedom Singers [LP] Box 25
In White America [LP] Box 25
American Negro Songs From Slavery Time [LP] Box 25
We Shall Overcome, Peter Seeger Live at Carnegie Hall [LP] Box 25
Freedom Singers, Freedom Now [LP] Box 25
Hollis Watkins “Songs of Struggle” [CD] Box 25
Eyes on the Prize [8 VHS tapes] Box 26
A Phillip Randolph [VHS tape] Box 26
Malcolm X – Ch. 13 [VHS tape] Box 26
Black Stereotypes, Black English [VHS tape] Box 26
Fundi/Paul Robeson [VHS tape] Box 26
A&E Reports: “Murder in Mississippi” [VHS tape] Box 26
Say Amen [VHS tape] Box 26
Langston Hughes [VHS tape] Box 26
Adam Clayton Powell/Langston Hughes [VHS tape] Box 26
Martin Luther King [VHS tape] Box 26
Malcolm [VHS tape] Box 26
The Song: We Shall Overcome [VHS tape] Box 26
[untitled] [VHS tape] Box 26
Promised Land #1-4 [VHS tape] Box 26
Promised Land #5/Artists of the Harlem Renaissance [VHS tape] Box 26
Mississippi Murders [VHS tape] Box 27
Program on Mississippi Civil Rights [VHS tape] Box 27
Freedom Songs – Glover TNT [VHS tape] Box 27
Freedom on My Mind [VHS tape] Box 27
Underground Railroad [VHS tape] Box 27
[untitled] [VHS tape] Box 27
Mississippi Conference [Cassette] Box 27
Songs Selected by Mark Levy 1989 Mississippi Freedom Caravan [Cassette] Box 27
Mississippi Reunion ’89 [Cassette] Box 27
Mississippi Reunion ’89 (James Forman) [Cassette] Box 27
“Freedom Summer” by Patricia Iannaci with uncut interview with Mark Levy Box 27
Series X Duplicates and Restrict Materials ( undated )
Duplicate documents and printed materials Box 28
Duplicate buttons and pins; Burlap sashes Box 29
Restricted Fragile Items [photocopies for use have been integrated into folders] Box 33