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Newsbeat - Teachers' Unions



Newsbeat - Teachers' Unions


Two pages excerpted from the April 11, 1972 issue of the Queens College student newspaper Newsbeat, highlighting an article on teachers' unions in which Professor Forbes Hill plays a part. (selections - full volume available from Queens College archives)


College teachers' unions--United States
Student newspapers and periodicals
Ireland -- Political events, 1500-1980
Rabin, Yitzhak, 1922-1995
Queens College (New York, N.Y.)
Marijuana--Law and legislation--New York


Tietz, Monica
Garfunkel, Irene
Mazer, Curtis
Aig, Marlene
Schneer, Larry
Freen, Waldo
Livote, Leonard




Queens College Department of Special Collections and Archives (New York, N.Y.)




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Queens College (New York, N.Y.)


APRIL 11, 1972
"The students at the College deserve better than the three different present grading systems that were made in a hodgepodge without total systematic consideration...A total Pass/Fail system is not educationally viable...When grades get in the way of an educational system, it is quite obvious that the system should be changed."
--Academic Senate Deputy Chairman Dave Fields, commenting on the proposed grading reform on this Thursday's Senate agenda.

Auto Show...Page 2
United People platform...Page 3
Teacher Feature...Page 5
Caf Committee meets...Page7
Free Subway Movement...Page 9
Holocaust...Page 11
Record reviews...Page 12
Changes...Page 13
Books...Page 15
On the Way to the Forum...Page 16
Baseball...Page 17
Editorials...Page 18
DiVerniero and Vincent...Page 19

MERGER: LC member Forbes Hill (left) and Queens UFCT chapter chairman, Percy Kritch
photo by ron eisenberg
photo by joel nitzberg

Teachers' Unions Merge to Gain "Maximum Affliliated Strength"

The United Federation of College Teachers (UFCT) and the Legislative Conference (LC), the two policy-making bodies of the College's entire instructional and personnel staff, announced their merger on March 29. The reason for the merger, as stated by Dr. Belle Zeller, LC Chairman of CUNY, and Dr. Israel Kugler, UFCT President, is that "we have both agreed that in the face of the onslaughts against the City University staff from without and within, we must unite our ranks, build our forces, and gain the maximum affiliated strength."
The agreement to merge the organization is to be ratified by the two membership bodies and results will be known by April 14. Dr. Percy Krich (UFCT) predicts "a strong majority vote, if not a unanimous one. In this time of City University crisis' (i.e. budget) we must be a unified force. The (the merger) would be the end of the hassling between the two organizations."
In the joint statement made by Dr. Zeller and Dr. Kugler the best interests for faculty members and student welfare were the main points under concern.
"We shall bargain as one with the City University Board of Higher Education to establish specific and sound standards with respect to our workloads. We want to deal with our students as individuals rather than ciphers lost in the lonely crowd of jampacked classrooms, libraries, counseling offices."
The following 16-point Proposal for Merger has been issued by the UFCT and the LC:
1. The new organization shall be affiliated with NEA, NYSTA, AFT, UTNY, NYS AFL-CIO, and New York City Central Labor Council.
2. Dues shall be $120 per annum for full-time and $60 per annum for part-time.
3. The new organization will be initially limited to the City University.
4. Debts carried by the new organization shall be on a pro rata basis (number of dollars per member based on membership of each organization at time of merger.).
5. Until officers are elected, there shall be an equal number of officers from LC and UFCT. The chief executive officer from the LC shall be the President. The chief executive officer from the UFCT shall be the Deputy President. The staff shall be answerable to the executive officers and the names of both officers shall be affixed to all written communications. Both officers shall approve any policy statement between meetings of the Executive Committee/Administrative Committee. In order to assure responsibility of the new organization that the two chief executive officers serve on a full-time basis.
6. There shall be equal division of the other officers. There shall be provision for equal representation of the two organizations on the Governing Board/Executive Board. Chapter structure and officers shall be co-equal during the interim period.
7. The respective staffs of each organization shall be retained. The Executive Director of the Legislative Conference shall become the Executive Director of the new organization. The Director of Organization of the UFCT shall become the Director of Organization of the new organization. The present staff (secretarial, financial, clerical) of both organizations shall be retained. The appointees shall be barred from internal organizational politics.
8. The interim arrangement shall extend to nominations and elections which shall not take place earlier than April and May 1973. Officers elected in May 1973 shall take office September 1, 1973.
9. The constitution and by-laws of the new organization shall be drawn by a committee on which there is equal representation and must be ratified by the joint membership through secret mail ballots. In the event that there is any disagreement concerning the by-laws or the way in which the new organization
continued on page 3


CMC 119

N.Y. Times Criticised On Irish Reportage

An outline of Ireland's history with emphasis on assessing current political problems was the focus of "Ireland in Rebellion" on March 28. Arthur Hughes, a member of the Anti-Internment League, spoke to students at the College on causes of Ireland's problems today, and on what is being done to alleviate some of the issues that are tearing the social fabric.
Hughes began by saying, "What's happening in Ireland today constitutes one of the most misunderstood phenomenons." He accused the press of publicizing misconceptions, by quoting one such article from The New York Times. The article tells how the Protestants in Ireland are fighting for the Catholics against British dominance. "This article, Hughes claims, "is typical of much of the other reporting that gives a distorted view of what is actually going on."
Hughes stressed the fact that it is impossible to understand the crisis in Ireland without looking back into the nation's history. "Ireland has a historical continuity of no other nation in the world."
The highlights of the historical aspects of Ireland begin in the mid 1600's with the Orange Order, the ruling organization in Northern Ireland. This was a multi-classed armed secret society that tyranically ruled the country. When the armies of Oliver Cromweel drove the Irish off their land, the British gave the country to the Protestant Englishmen and set them in control of the Parliament.
Virtually the same terrorist organization is responsible for the situation in Ireland today. The Ulster Vanguard, an armed form of Protestant reaction, is dedicated to end any and all Catholic ascendancy. This organization was further responsible for succusfully crushing the first unified trade union in Ireland. Hughes now regards the principle issue revolving around the question, "of these armed unions to control the means of oppression in Northeastern Ireland."
Hughes reported that the country is being torn by racist sentiments and actions. "The Protestants feel that all Catholics are lazy, listless people who don't want to work." The statistics show that 30 per cent of all Catholics are unemployed. He substantiates these figures by saying that the Catholics have lost faith in their country and also find it hard to become part of a union.
Hughes compared the segregation in Ireland to the doctrine of apartheid in South Africa where "Protestants think they can smell Catholics." Hughes thinks that the "Catholics have a much more advanced perception of the world," despite the antipathy against them.
Hughes explained that there is a movement in the United States to stop the crisis in Ireland. Through terrorist organizations who have donated time and money, the situation has improved. These people believe in the socialist theory of National Self-Determination, which, in part says the people themselves should decide their government.
Finally there is the Anti-Internment League. Hughes pointed out that the League is a coalition "designed to clear up the confusion about the incidents we read in the newspapers." The group is planning a demonstration on May 13, when the main activity will be to picket large Britixh merchent vessels.
Hughes feels that the natural outcome will be the "re-unification of Ireland." "This," he says, "can only be carried out through a political, economic and social revolution, and certainly a revolution against all backward elements."

Senate Agenda For Thursday Long And Divisive
Committees To Report

Proposals for the modification of the grading system and for the college's use of recycled paper are among the items on the Academic Senate Agenda for the upcoming meeting, on Thursday, April 13. Committee reports, resolution regarding ethnic questionnaires and campus media endorsement of political candidates will also be brought up at the meeting.
Deputy of the Academic Senate, Dave Fields, and Student Association President and Co-Chairman of Scholastic Standards Committee, Larry Friedman will present their proposal for a Pass/No credit system. A student in his lower sophomre term or above would be able to take up to two courses per semester and one course per summer semester on a Pass/No credit basis. Students would be limited to 9 courses taken on this basis.
English 1, and courses for ones major would be excluded, as would courses taken in the college's Honor program and in the Honors department. Those students pursuing joint majors within departments would have to ask their concentration adviser to determine which courses constitute the major.
Failure in a Pass/No credit course would be indicated by X, and not computed in ones index. Failure would be below D quality; Pass would be work of D quality and above.
A solution for recycling the paper used on campus and only purchasing paper substantially composed of recycled materials, will be brought up by Dr. Stanley Pierce (Bio.). Pierce wants the Senate to convey to
continued on page 5

History Prof. Dies At 45

Dr. Thomas F. J. Kendrick, Assistant Professor of History at the College, died at Nassau Hospital of complications setting in from pneumonia on Sunday, April 2. He was 45 years old.
Dr. Kendrick, whose major field was 18th century English History, came to the college as a lecturer in 1958 where 10 years later he was promoted to Assistant Professor. He received his B.S. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1949, both his B.A. and his M.A. from Cambridge University (England) in 1952 and 1953, respectively, and his Ph.D. from the University of Toronto in 1961 where he had taught in the Social Science department at the Ryerson Institute of Technology in Toronto from 1955-58.
Although English history was his field, his favorite course here at the College was the infrequently given History 51, the History of Canada. This semester the latter, finally being offered was closed out immediately by students who had taken the other courses Dr. Kendrick taught. It was a fun class, like are most most classes with Dr. Kendrick because of his subtle humor and sheer appreciation of his field. When he spoke of "those bloody British" is Canadian history it was Canada was dear to him. This course was his brainchild and those of us fortunate enough to be in it saw true love of a man at his work.
Kendrick is survived by his wife Anne, and his mother, Mrs. A Frank Kendrick of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. To those of us who were fortunate enough to know what a tryly gentle and warm person he was, his passing will be deeply mourned. To the college community as a whole, the death of Dr. Kendrick, an advisor and a teacher is truly a great loss.

Foreign Students' Comm. Changed

The Committee on Foreign Affairs, originally appointed in September 1971 is about to undergo refurbishing in order to meet the demands of contrmporary foreign students. These students face many problems, not the least of which are obtaining housing funds. They must have attended an American college and achieved at least a score of 1100 on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) to qualify for matriculated status at the College.
This is a more stringint requirement than is in existence at any of the other branches of the City University, according to Dr. Robert Pecciotto of the committee and Assistant Dean of Foreign Student Affairs. He said that "it was easier to deal with the problems of a full-fledged student; a whole citizen of the College community." At present 80 percent of the foreign students attending the College as non-matircs are eligible for full matiriculation. As of September 1972 no more non-matriculated non-permanent resident Foreign students will be admitted to the College.
At the upcoming Academic Senate meeting it will be recommended that a permanent Committee on Foreign Student Affairs be established.
Dr. Pecciotto organizer of the guidelines for the committee's purpose and direction, and Dean Jules Brody, Chairman of the present committee, said that "a major goal of the committee is to integrate the Foreign students into the College community and give them a voice in the government of the College."
The new committee would propose broad policy guidelines. Picciotto hopes that with two terms of functioning this committee would have under it autonomous auxiliary committees (orientation and advisors). Sources of information for Foreign students would be liason members of the various departments with the knowledge and contacts for the subject matter that directly effects foreign students. A student could then talk directly to a person in his major field with knowledge of the problems he is facing in the College as a foreign student. Peciotto stated that "a foreign student with a problem
continued on page 11

Robert Piciotto

"Working Entity" Names Candidates

The Working Entity Party announced it endorsements of candidates for the upcoming student elections last Thursday. In its second year as a campus political coalition the party has endorsed a total of 20 candidates. Last year, the party endorsed 11 candidates. The following people have received the WE endorsement:
Mort Rubinstein, for President of Student Association; Steve Sandler, Ira Lederman, Gary Shiffman, Robin Tieger, Freshman-Lower Sophomore Senators; Clarisse Schnall, Steve Taub, Larry Schneer, Mike Steinberg, Upper Sophomore-Lower Junior Senators; Mort Rubinstein, Ron Eisenberg, Marty Fox, Upper Junior-Senior Senators.
Also endorsed for the positions of Senator-at-Large are Susan Jonkoski, Joyce Sloan, Mark Weinberger, Ruth Solomaon, Stuart Spitzer, Faye Silver, Judy Sandler and Donna Balopole. In addition, Larry Schneer, Nancy Young and Brian Kornreich were given National Student Association delegate endorsements.
The students endorsed represent a wide spectrum of campus organizations and campus life. The slate consists os a coalition of members of WQMC, Newsbeat, Phoenix, Jewish Defense League, Inter-Club Council and CMC Council. Also included on the slate are members of Campus Life, Course Evaluation and Food Services Committees.

WE member is confident of victory.
photo by leon gerrard

Grading System Up For Modification By Senate
Fields and Friedman Are Confident

Dave Fields
photo by bob fields
Larry Friedman
photo by ron eisenberg

A proposal for the modification of the present P/X (pass/no credit) grading system is to be one of the main items on the agenda of this Thursday's Academic Senate meeting.
According to Dave Fields, Deputy Chairman of the Senate, and Larry Freidman, Student Association President and Co-Chairman of the Scholastic Standards Committee (the co-authors of the proposed modification), "We intend to work for its passage. The students at the College deserve better than the three different present grading systems that were made in a hodgepodge without total systematic consideration." Many of the supporters of the proposal say that the main crux of the modification is the increase of courses taken on Pass/No Credit basis from four to nine, beginning with the sophomore year.
The proposal reads as follows:
"Beginning with the lower sophomore semester, a student may take yp to two courses on a Pass/No Credit basis. Each student is limited to nine Pass/NC courses including any taken in the summer sessions. English 1 and courses that constitute the student's major are excluded from the Pass/NC option. In joint majors and in specialized majors within departments, the determination
continued on page 7

SGS Prof Wins ACE Fellowship

Roger W. Heyns, President of the American Council on Education, announced recently the selection of Dr. John M. O'Brian, Assistant Professor of History of the School of General Studies, as an ACE Fellow in the 1972-73 Academic Administration Internship Program.
The Program, established in 1964 under a grant from the Ford Foundation, is designed to strengthen leadership in American higher education by enlarging the number and improving the qualifications of men and women available for key positions in academic administration. Candidates are nominated by the chief executives of their institutions, and not more than 40 are selected each year in the national competition.
Professor O'Brien has won recognition for his scholarly achievements in medieval studies in the United States during the nineteenth century. He has published widely this field.
At the College in 1968, Dr. O'Brien was awarded a Presidential Citation as an outstanding younger teacher-scholar. He has been Assistant Chairman of the Contemporary Civilization Department in SGS from 1966 to the present.
Typically, each ACE Fellow during the nine-month internship, either on the home campus or on a host campus, is assigned to a top administrative officer, both to observe and to participate in policy and decision-making activities.
Be Sure To Pick Up Special Issue of Ha-Or - Today

APRIL 11, 1972
"And I shall give unto them in my house...
an everlasting remembrance."
(Isaih 56:5)

Holocaust Commemoration
Kadish Service;
Choral Society
Colden Auditorium
Free Hour
Help us fight the forces of bigotry and emotionalism in the 13th Senatorial District.
respected and courageous legislator,
is being opposed in the June primary
by a one-issue candidate who has used
his position to exploit the community and
satisfy his own ambitions.
Help us tell Jerry Birbach that we are
not about to let selfish ambition take the
place of an effective legislator, and a Senator
of proven courage and integrity.
for more information contact:
Jeff Englander Student Campaign Coordinator - 479-0995
N.Y. Office of Senator Gold 793-3397
Mike Tromello 677-2205

Emanuel R. GOLD
"Alert, Intelligent, Articulate"
Citizens Union, February 1970

Find out how I.C.C. can benefit your organization.
Come to CMC 120
Next Council Meeting
Wednesday, April 12
4:00PM Alumni Lounge

Israeli Ambassador to Visit Campus

In personality, training and interests, Yitzhak Rabin reflects very much the quality of the young generation which bore upon its shoulders the fateful burden of winning and securing Israel's freedom. Born in Jerusalem in 1922, son of American pioneer Zionists, Yitzhak Rabin passed through school bent ultimately on a career of pioneer farming. He graduated with honors from the well-known Kadoorie Agriculture School in Lower Galilee and shortly thereafter enlisted in the Palmach, the crack units of the Hagana, (the underground citizen army of the organized Jewish community in Mandatory days), to discharge his national defense service. It was to last for 27 years in which he has to rise from underground fighter to Chief of Staff for the Israel Defense Forces and commander of the Israel army in the Six Day War.
In 1944 Yitzhak Rabin was promoted deputy Palmach battalion commander. Two years later he was arrested by the British authorities and held for several months.
At the end of 1947, with the beginning of the hostilities that were to culminate in the War of Independence, Yitzhak Rabin was appointed Deputy Commander of the Palmach. His most crucial command during that war was over the Palmach HAR-EL(Mount of God) Brigade which was to play an historic part in the lifting of its siege.
In the second phase of the war of Independence Rabin served as second-in-command of the Southern Command H.Q. and took part in all the battles for the liberation of the Negev and the Red Sea port of Eilat.
In 1949, as a member of the Israeli delegation, he took part in the armistice negotiations with the Egyptians at Rhodes. In 1953, he concluded a year of studies at the Camberley Staff College of Great Britain. On returning to Israel he was appointed head of the Training Branch at G.H.Q., and in December 1954, was promoted to the rand of Aluf(Major-General). His next assignment was G.O.C. Northern Command, where he served from 1956 to 1959. At the end of 1960, he was named Deputy Chief of staff. During this appointment and until his nomination as the Chief of the General Staff in January 1964, he made various professional tours of foreign armies.
On January 1, 1964, Yitzhak Rabin was appointed Chief of the General Staff and promoted to the rank of Rav Aluf(Lieut-General).
In common with so many of his contemporaries, Rav Aluf (Lieut-General) Rabin assumed his military tasks as an imperative of the hour, not as a life's profession. Brilliant strategist and hardened combatant, there is little that is material about his personality. He looks upon his military career as a national service in the deepest sense, a singular commitment to the welfare and security of the land he helped rebuild. This is what he said at a ceremony on June 28, 1967, shortly after the Six Day War, when the Hebrew University of Jerusalem bestowed on him the degree of Honorary Doctor of philosophy:
"I regard myself here as the representative of the entire Israel Defense Forces...Our warriors prevailed not by their weapons but by their sense of mission, by the consciousness of the rightness of their cause, by a deep love for their country and an understanding of the difficult task laid upon them: to ensure the existence of our people in its homeland, to protect, even at the price of their lives, the right of the Jewish people to live in its own state, free independent and in peace."
Rav Aluf Rabin is married and father of a son, and a daughter. His main hobby is photography and filming.

Litwak Presents Party Platform At Conference
UP Boasts Reforms
Metamorphosis Planned
Registration Discussed

The United People's party presented their platform at a press conference held in the CMC Terrace Lounge last Friday. Mark Litwak, the party's presidential candidate, served at spokesman.
Litwak, who began by mentioning the dramatic changes that the Student Organization has already undergone, stated, "from what was once an organization resembling a High School G.O., the Student Association is now directly involved in policy decisions that affect the quality of education and student services at the College." He stressed the participation of United People in bringing about these reforms. He mentioned such party achievements as the abolition of required courses, the institution of individualized B.A., the setting up of faculty evaluations, and the establishment of the Ombudsman's office.
In discussing UP's plans for the future, the S.A. presidential candidate mentioned a large number of issues but elaborated on only a few of them. Registration was the first topic he discussed, terming it an "atrocity." To reverse and reform this "dehumanizing" experience UP proposes that there be additional space allocated for registration in order to alleviate the overcrowding; another action the party believes would be beneficial is the lengthening of the registration period. Also called for are the installation of a pencil machine and sharpener, the presence of departmental advisors at the area for the purpose of clarifying vague course descriptions, and the placement of additional seating facilities for registrating students as a "simple consideration."
Litwak's next issue was the Student Travel Service. United People is of the opinion that "there is no reason an outside profit-making corporation should be allowed to open shop in the College Union when a Student Association non-profit travel service can offer better service and lower prices." The United People travel service hopes to offer reduced fares, vacation packages and auto insurance.
Profit-making organizations may also be eliminated from the College Union this coming September due to the establishment of a UP non-profit record co-operative. The store would offer popular artists albums at low prices. The party also plans on opening clothing, book and gas and garage co-operatives.
United People further proposes the establishment of an Apartment Service in order to aid students in finding living accommodations. This centralized method would be extremely beneficial because there are no on-campus dorms and many students are often discriminated against as a result of hair, dress and ethnic background.
A Student Legal Service was also called for. The party discussed the hiring of a lawyer who would represent the students "in disputes with the Administration, the Board of Higher Education, the City, the State" and in any actions against the Student Association. Litwak maintains that there are presently B.H.E. laws that are unconstitutional and administrators on campus that are operating illegally. The other responsibility of the Legislative Service would be to provide counseling for students who need representation in court.
"Every year the threat to cut CUNY returns. This past year UP was extremely active with letter writing campaigns, petition drives and lobbying," Litwak asserts. The party is devoted to the continuance of free tuition and open admissions. Their efforts during the current year resulted in the obtaining of 12,000 signatures and 1500 letters from just the College; this is more than any other branch of the City University. Litwak asserted reassuringly "United People will remain prepared to meet future challenges."
The S.A. presidential candidate continued his address to the press with the UP's plans for a Foreign Student Program. He brought out the special problems encountered by these students including language barriers, ethnic discrimination, culture shock and tuition. In order to offer assistance in this last area the party plans for the SAFB to provide short term loans. An expanded counseling service is also deemed necessary. It is further suggested that students who have previously attended the College should return in the capacity of administrating orientation programs for the newcomers. In order to facilitate the breakdown of the cultural difference UP plans to establish "get-togethers" between Americans and foreigners.
The next issue discussed was Grading Reform. He said that United People is continually involved in eliminating the discriminating grading system. The reform is to provide pass/fail options for Sophomores, who, at present, are the only ones not benefiting from them. Also being suggested is the establishment of additional options to be taken by Junior and Seniors; they are presently allowed only four.
The creation of Health Center was the last future plan discussed. The Health Center, as explained, would provide a gynecologist, birth control and V.D. clinics. UP is also planning for a Day Care Center to be housed in the CMC, Couple Counseling, and more sex education courses.
Following Mark Litwak's address Ellen Cohen, the United People's candidate for Vice-president, read off the name of each candidate running on the party, the positions being sought by each and their qualifications. She concluded by saying that the UP party is offering a diversity of interests and should be into all facets of campus life.

UFCT, LC Merge: Forced To Unite In Face Of Crisis
continued from page 1

shall be governed, the mattter shall be referred to the two counsels for resolution. If they are unable to agree, it shall be submitted to an arbitrator selected by them for final determination.
10. The new constitution and by-laws must provide for the election of officers / members of the Governing Board / Executive Board and Chapters by secret mail ballot of the membership. Provision shall be made for membership referendum procedure in the new constitution.
11. The new organization will retain, until September 1, 1973, the two law firms now representing LC and UFCT on an equal basis and the work shall be divided between them.
12. This agreement shall be subject to ratification by secret mail ballot of the respective memberships of the two organizations no later than April 14, 1972.
13. Upon ratification by memberships, the new organization shall adopt the petition of the UFCT for one bargaining unit in the case now pending before PERB.
14. Immediately upon ratification, a joint Negotiating Committee of equal representation shall be appointed for the purpose of planning negotiations for a new agreement with the Board of Higher Education.
15. Deadline for ratification of the initial merger agreement by the Governing Board and the Executive Board (LC and UFCT) shall be March 28. Ratification shall be followed by a joint communique.
16. This interim agreement is recommended for ratification to the policy-making bodies of the LC and UFCT and their respective state and national affiliates.
According to Krich, both bodies wish to hold elections for the new organization as soon as possible because matters of great importance (i.e. present contracts run out in August) will soon face all the members. An obstacle which could hold off the elections for a while is the Board of Education's recognition of the new organization. Krich stated that "the Board of Higher Ed. insists that the organization be divided into three units; full-time teachers (professors, instructors, lecturers) part-time teachers (visiting professors, adjucts) and non-instructional staff (librarians, counselors, personnel). We, within the structure, agree on a single unit because we will be a single organization. Unless the Board's position changes, the election could very well be delayed."
Dr. Forbes Hill (CAS), LC member states that the Public Employee Relations Board (PERB) might insist on a two-unit division because of the difference between teaching and non-teaching personnel. "All of us concerned with the new organization hope this rationalization is not used."
Dr. Zeller and Dr. Kugler made a strong point of stressing unity within the organization. "For too long we have been rivals, needlessly dissipating our human and fiscal resources. Now we will concentrate on making the City University an institution of quality education and enlarged opportunity under conditions in which we as professional staff members can do an effective job."

Frankenberg Urges State Ease Pot Laws

Queens City Councilman at Large Alvin Frankenberg has introduced a resolution calling on the State Legislature to amend the Penal Law removing the penalty for the possession and/or use of one ouce or less of marijuana. Frankenberg was quoted as saying "the laws with regard to marijuana are totally outdated and in need of revision. I hope, in view of the new information that has now been obtained, that the necessary changes to these laws will be made."

Happy Birthday to our guard Bill Kreidman

Original Format

16 x 22.5 inches (406 x 572 mm)


Tietz, Monica et al., “Newsbeat - Teachers' Unions,” Queens College Civil Rights Archives, accessed May 17, 2022, http://archives.qc.cuny.edu/civilrights/items/show/329.