Lope de Vega Carpio 1562-1635
Spain’s most important and prolific dramatist, with around 2000 plays to his name. Well-respected by contemporaries such as Cervantes and Goethe, he played a major role in defining the “Golden Age” of Spanish theater. He invented the 3 act tragicomedy called comedia and installed it as its dominant form.
Pedro Calderón de la Barca 1600-1681
This major dramatist of the “Golden Age” began the second cycle of that era, refining the forms as established by Lope de Vega. He produced plays on both religious and secular themes, and is known for perfecting the allegorical form called the auto sacramental.
Juan Pérez de Montalván 1602-1638
A Catholic priest as well as an artist, he enjoyed strong if ephemeral success. The degree and brevity of his popularity can be attributed to the fact that he strictly followed the conventions of Lope de Vega, whom he also wrote a biography of.